EUTHANASIA- A NEED TO REVOLUTIONISE!
The origin of this “tangled” term relates back to the seventeenth century, from
Eu- “Good” + thanatos- “Death”, essentially understood as killing oneself to avoid the pains of death.
We all are accustomed with the fact that every human being, irrespective of his age, size, values, wealth has been granted a fundamental right to life, which is being protected by law. It means that you have the right to be protected if your life is at risk.
DID YOU KNOW?
The European Court of Human Rights has ruled that a foetus does not have human rights until the moment it is born. However, the Court has recognised the diversity of views on this issue across states with different traditions.
Now if we consider from the legal perspective, Supreme Court foresees abetment of suicide and attempt to suicide as two discrete offences. The two terms can therefore, be used distinctly. It also stated that a person attempts to attempt suicide in a depression and hence he needs help, rather than punishment. Henceforth, The Supreme Court has recommended to Parliament to reconsider the abstracts on “ATTEMPT TO SUICIDE”, as believed by ‘Our Father of Nation’-
Power based on love is a thousand times more effective and permanent than the one derived from fear of punishment.
However, it must be emphasised that the right to life protected by the Human Rights Act does not include a right to die.
This heats up the argument as to whether the right to kill oneself be legalised or not? Can a person decide his own fate? Does a person have a right to die? The urge to end one’s life basically arises when a person is suffering from an incurable form of disease and under such circumstances, he may be permitted to terminate his life. The courts held that such cases fall under the scope of ‘Right to die’ with DIGNITY as a part of life with dignity. The court feels that these cases do not come under the purview of extinguishing life but only of stimulating the process of natural death which has already commenced.
The most important thing is that ‘Euthanasia’ must be voluntary and must be practised in only those situations where a patient suffering from an incurable disease has lost all the hope for recovery. On the other hand, critics point out that all human beings make mistakes and their actions are often supported by selfish motives. For this reason, legislation of euthanasia may lead to abuse of its practice.
Some irksome patients may be requested or pressurised to terminate their lives even when they don’t wish to, to merely avoid their medical expenses. Hence, evidences have proved that legalisation and acceptance of euthanasia may pose threats to those vulnerable.
- Generally, it is observed that different religions view life as sacred. In Islam, there are verses on the sacredness of life found in the holy Koran. Life is sacred and in the case of Euthanasia, it is seen as wrong to take a life. Similarly, Christians recognise that all humans are made in the image of God and thus have value independent of health and abilities.
This practice is legal in Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, the state of Oregon, Washington, and Montana.
There is a need for changes in the law allowing euthanasia and less would do, if we only sit and judge whether euthanasia is good or bad for individual patients. It must be with the consent of the patient along with the doctor’s approval supported by a psychological test report. The courts must initiate a valid investigation to avoid any kind of abuse.
Even actor Hrithik Roshan of Guzaarish is in support of Euthanasia.
He played the role of a paraplegic who appeals to the court for euthanasia in his movie Guzaarish. However, in the movie, the suffering magician played by him was not allowed mercy killing. Hrithik said “Any act that ends consistent suffering in any form must be landed. Mercy killing- in its passive version-must be allowed in cases that merit it. But a system needs to be set in place to process the information and make a decision. This is a good beginning…euthanasia will be a boon for those who are suffering to a degree which you and I cannot imagine.”